While cuts and scrapes are a relatively rare occurrence for most adults, most people with children have to deal with them on a fairly regular basis. There is no need to rush off to the emergency room for most minor cuts and scrapes, but knowing how to take proper care of them is important in order to prevent infection and other complications and speed the heeling process.
When your child comes running to you with a cut or scrape, the first thing to do is to calm him or her down so you can begin to stop the bleeding. Once you have reassured your child, you should apply pressure on the injured area with a clean cloth, gauze pad or tissue. You will need to resist the temptation to check if the wound is still bleeding and maintain firm pressure for several minutes.
For wounds on the arm or leg, elevating your child’s limb above the level of the heart will help to stop bleeding.
If bleeding does not stop after about 10-20 minutes, you will have to seek medical help since your child probably requires stitches.
Once you have stopped the bleeding, it is time to thoroughly clean the wound. The first step is to rinse the area with cool water using running water or pouring water from a glass. Then you should clean the area around the wound with soap and a washcloth.
A good way to further disinfect the wound is with an antibacterial spray such as Dermoplast® Pain Relieving Antibacterial Spray. This will help prevent infection and keep the wound moist, which will assist the healing process.
When the wound has been cleaned and disinfected, cover the area with a bandage to keep dirt and bacteria out. By keeping the wound moist and covered with a bandage, you can help prevent your child from experiencing any scarring.
Continue cleaning the wound several times a day until it is healed. With active children, you will have to change the bandage frequently since this should be done each time the area becomes dirty or wet in order to keep it clean.
Your children will inevitably get various cuts and scrapes as they are growing up. By taking proper care of the wounds, you can keep your children safe from infection so they stay happy and healthy.
This resource is only a guide and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never delay or ignore professional medical advice because of something you have read on a website. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call a doctor, dial 911 or go directly to a hospital Emergency Room (ER).
Center for Disease Control